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Bronze ware is the crown of ancient Chinese art, and bronze mirror is the most brilliant pearl on the crown. Bronze mirrors have been used for nearly 4000 years since they appeared. Looking at the history of the development of ancient bronze mirrors in China, bronze mirrors in various historical periods have changed from prosperity to decline since the appearance of bronze mirrors four thousand years ago. In the early period, there were Qijia culture and bronze mirrors in Shang and Zhou Dynasties. Bronze mirrors began to be popular in Spring and Autumn Period and Warring States Period, reached their peak in Han Dynasty, declined in the Three Kingdoms, Jin Dynasty, Wei Dynasty and Southern and Southern Dynasties, and prospered again in Sui and Tang Dynasties.
Bronze mirrors were the living utensils of the ancients, which began in Shang and Zhou Dynasties, prevailed in Han Dynasty, prevailed in Tang and Song Dynasties, and declined in Ming and Qing Dynasties. It has a history of three thousand years. Bronze mirror pays special attention to decorative display, so it is also an important display in ancient interior. Especially in the Han Dynasty, the bronze mirror decoration content is very rich, the most important decorations are four gods, animals, five spirits, geometry, flowers, auspicious pictures, and so on. The concept of immortals in the art of Han Dynasty is different from that of the predecessors. It is no longer a threat power in reality, but a fantasy world full of vigorous vitality depicted in the interaction of lions, tigers and horses, with a stronger subjective desire color. The whole image of thick lines and rough outlines is flying forward. Flow, showing strength, movement and the resulting momentum of beauty, even a static image, can also make people feel the internal movement, the speed of force.
The most mysterious connotation is the milk nail bronze mirror. Because there are milk nail marks on the bronze mirror, it is called milk nail mirror. This bronze mirror with four breast gods and beasts pattern is a typical one with breast nail pattern in Song and Yuan Dynasty. Diameter: 8.27 cm, weight: 132.1 G. Round button, outside the button seat is a circular lattice, the lattice is arranged in four square breast nails. The milk nail pattern is rich in connotation and symbolizes the cosmic schema: the mirror button represents the center of the vast universe, the circle outside the button seat represents the earth; the extra round nail represents the pillar supporting the sky cover; and the circular mirror represents the sky. The whole composition takes the meaning of the sky and the place. Heaven and earth are auspicious, so they have the function of exorcism and subjugation. The breast nail bronze mirror of the Western Han Dynasty implies auspiciousness and avoids harm; it shows turbulent and passing momentary movements with powerful lines and reducing techniques. The body of the four gods is vigorous and relaxed, with strong dynamic sense and visual tension. It spreads thousands of Meteorologies among cubic inches, and shows a magnificent beauty in the flowing composition of clouds and waters. Changing Romantic Beauty.
Round, round button, round button seat, double convex line square boundary grid around the button seat, there are four pinnate ornaments composed of three petals around the seat, pointing to the four corners of the boundary grid. Each of the four corners is surrounded by a round breast nail with bead pattern. The back of the mirror is divided into four zones, which are decorated with four beasts, namely, Qinglong, Baihu, Jiaolong and Running Horse. The shapes of the gods and beasts are different, among which the dragon looks back and wags its tail, has long horns, distinguishable mane roots, and its depiction is very meticulous; the white tiger dances with its teeth and claws, looks forward with one wing on its side, and is very powerful; the Dragon strides forward with one horn on its head and counts Dragon scales; the war horse gallops, looks back and whines, and bears saddle, and is extremely handsome. 。The four beasts are graceful and agile in shape, vigorous in physique, interesting in subtleties, and full of dynamic feeling. The close part is decorated with a circle of Chlamys teeth, and the wide edge is surrounded by four gods of deformation, with perfect appearance. Having it can bring good luck, health and happiness to the whole family.
In the field of collections, bronze mirrors have been classified as miscellaneous items, and long-term market treatment is not high. However, since 2010, the bronze mirror market has suddenly shown explosive growth. Although the market of bronze mirrors has fallen somewhat this year, there is still much room for growth in the future. For example, Li Jie said, "In 2008, when Jiadeqiu took a picture, a Yuan Dynasty twisted flower mirror with an estimated price of only 550,000 yuan shocked the industry. In fact, this is just the beginning. In the autumn of 2009, a Tang Dynasty seaanimal grape mirror was sold for 2.688 million yuan. In autumn 2010, a Tang Dynasty seaanimal grape mirror was sold for more than 7 million yuan, breaking the record of bronze mirror auction. These figures show that the value of ancient Chinese bronze mirrors is being recognized by the market, especially in the Tang and Han dynasties.
From the auction market of bronze mirrors, the prices of mirrors in Warring States and Sui and Tang Dynasties were high, followed by those in Han Dynasty, while those in Song, Yuan and Jin Dynasties were slightly lower, while those in Ming and Qing Dynasties were lower. In terms of types, the mountain-type mirror, diamond-pattern mirror, mantis-pattern mirror of the Warring States Period, the regular mirror of the Han Dynasty, the god-animal mirror, the portrait mirror, the Swiss-animal grape mirror of the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the flower mirror, the character story mirror, the gold-silver flat mirror and the pickaxe-gold-staggered-silver mirror are all treasures in the mirror. In addition to factors such as age, Jia Wenzhong, an expert in bronze mirror research, elaborated in a treasure collection program that collecting ancient bronze mirrors should be comprehensively measured from historical value, cultural relic value, research value and collection value. In addition to the consideration of the age, the special production technology, style knowledge and special decorative items are also the focus of collection investment. In addition, the shape, size, thickness, quantity and rarity of materials, and the exquisite and dense decoration of bronze mirrors are also one aspect of reflecting the value. In addition to the times and patterns, the integrity of the appearance is an important criterion for the value judgment of bronze mirrors. Because bronze mirrors are mostly buried in the earth, the better the unearthed bronze mirrors are, the less the corrosion degree is, the better. The mirror of the head of the Sui and Tang Dynasties and the Warring Han Dynasties is favored by the Tibetans, not the more valuable the mirror becomes over the years.